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What you should know about Mold Testing
It is estimated there is over 400,000 different types of mold. Less
than 100,000 have actually been named, of which less that 1,000 are
commonly found indoors. Of all the molds found indoors, less than
1% are known to be toxic. That's the good news. The bad news is,
without proper mold testing and laboratory analysis there is no way
to know the difference. There are thousands of molds that are black,
thousands that are green, thousands that are brown, etc., etc. Direct
microscopic analysis by highly trained and educated personnel is the
only way to know for certain what types of mold are present in an
environment.

How to recognize, identify, & find toxic or allergenic indoor mold
How to test for mold, clean up mold, or remove mold from buildings
How to find, identify, and remove other indoor contaminants
Indoor air quality cleanup, improvement, or corrective measures


Our Certified inspectors will answers most questions on what to do about
mold, providing expert, un-biased information for owners, occupants,
inspectors. How to recognize mold, how to test mold, how to clean up or
remove mold, how to prevent mold in buildings, and what mold related
illnesses and symptoms have been reported are all discussed in depth.

Our Company offers impartial, unbiased advice without conflicts of
interest. We will block advertisements which we discover or readers
inform us are associated with bad business practices, false-advertising, or
junk science. Our contact info is at AMoldSpecialist.com
This website provides information and procedures for finding, testing,
cleaning and preventing indoor mold, toxic black mold, green mold,
testing building indoor air quality, and other sick house / sick building
investigations.

Here are research articles, inspection and testing procedures, and contact
information for expert services.

We give in-depth information about mold and other indoor air quality
problems: causes of respiratory illness, asthma, or other symptoms such
as neurological or psychological problems, air quality investigation
methods, and remediation procedures such as mold cleanup, handling
toxic mold contamination, and building or mechanical system repairs.

We offer advice on mold prevention and mold-resistant construction
resistant to indoor problem molds such as the Aspergillus sp., Penicillium
sp. and Stachybotrys chartarum groups.


Here are the BASICS YOU NEED to FIND, TEST, REMOVE &
PREVENT MOLD - what to do about mold in buildings
Mold Age Determination - how old is the mold in a building?
Mold Action Guide: follow this easy step by step outline of what to do
about mold. We emphasize that for small areas of mold contamination,
generally where less than 30 square feet of contiguous mold is present,
simple building cleaning and renovation procedures are all that's needed
and testing is usually not appropriate. Most building mold contamination
falls in this first category. At DO IT YOURSELF MOLD CLEANUP we
provide suggestions for a do-it-yourself cleanup of small areas of mold.
At MOLD EXPERT, WHEN TO HIRE we provide guidelines to help
decide when it is probably justified to bring in a mold expert to perform
mold inspection and testing in a building. At MOLD TEST REASONS
we discuss when it is appropriate to test for mold.
Mold Cleanup - How to Clean Up Mold or Remove Mold in Buildings.
Mold Detection - Articles on Mold Identification Photos and Tips - How
to Find and Recognize Mold in a Building - articles describing how to
find problem mold. Also see MOLD APPEARANCE - WHAT MOLD
LOOKS LIKE, and see MOLD GROWTH on SURFACES, GUIDE TO.
MOLD GROWTH on SURFACES provides an index to photographs and
names of mold genera/species are frequently found on various building
surfaces and materials
Mold Test Kits - How to Collect and Send Your Own Mold Sample to
our mold testing lab
Mold Prevention - How to Prevent Mold Growth in Buildings
FAQs Frequently Asked Questions About Mold - this detailed list
answers most questions about mold
Mold Action Guide after Flooding: How to Minimize Mold Damage
After a Building Flood
Mold Odors, Musty Smells in Buildings: what causes moldy smells in
buildings? Also see SMELL PATCH TEST to Track Down Odors.
Odors, Odor Detection, Smells, & Gases how to find and identify
sources of noxious or toxic odors and gases
Online Mold Atlas of Indoor Clinical Mold, Pathogens, Allergens and
Other Indoor Particles
Renters and Tenants how can a tenant deal with a moldy rental
apartment or rental home
Field Inspection & Testing Services
In-House Mold Testing Lab Service
If you suspect or know that there is a mold problem in a building you
need to know the extent of cleanup needed, whether mold is cosmetic
(inexpensive to clean), allergenic, or toxic (requiring special care).
You need to know whether or not to hire a professional to inspect, test,
find the mold, and write a cleanup plan, whether or not to hire a mold
cleaning company, how to clean up mold, how to test to be sure the
cleanup was successful, and how to prevent mold in the future. At
MOLD EXPERT, WHEN TO HIRE we provide guidelines to help
decide when it is probably justified to bring in a mold expert to perform
mold inspection and testing in a building.

In addition, test results may be of assistance to physicians if mold related
illness or other illnesses are involved. The "MOLD ACTION GUIDE"
contains sufficient information to address these questions. This website
offers more in-depth articles on these and related environmental and
indoor air quality topics. At MOLD TEST REASONS we discuss
medical and other more basic reasons to test for mold in buildings.

Mold Clearance Inspections When & How to Perform a Mold
Remediation Clearance Inspection
MOLD LEVEL REPORTS Reporting the Results of Mold and IAQ
Investigations & Clearance Inspections: what should be included
Our Field Investigation Service our senior expert goes where no one else
wanted to look, uses non-invasive tools and sophisticated testing
equipment for mold, gases, moisture, air quality, contaminants, Building
problem diagnosis.
Contact Us to arrange mold/IAQ Building on site inspection and testing.
MOLD RELATED ILLNESS - Asthma, Allergies, Lung, Neurological,
Other Complaints?
The following articles provide detailed information about mold-related
illnesses.
Clinical Atlas of Mold Toxicity - An Online Description of Toxic,
Pathogenic, Allergenic Fungi, Fungal Diseases
Fiberglass Insulation Contains Mold© 2005 comments about a field
study in process, & more about health hazards from fiberglass insulation
- DJF
Odors, Odor Detection, Smells, & Gases how to find and identify
sources of noxious or toxic odors and gases
Other environmental risks, Our much longer list: Asbestos, carbon
monoxide, electromagnetic fields, etc.
Pollen Allergens: identification,
Products to Reduce Mold & Allergy Problems to reduce indoor mold or
allergen levels: air cleaners, air purifiers, dust mite covers, vacuum
cleaners, crawl space vents
Recognizing Allergens: What various indoor allergens look like -
identification photos to help identify pollen, dust mites, animal dander,
toxic or allergenic mold - Common Mold and other Allergens, Irritants,
Remedies & Advice
Rodent control issues, including dander, fecal, and urine contamination
of Buildings and Building insulation are discussed at our Mold Action
Plan page.
Sewage and Septic backup contamination in Buildings: inspection,
testing, remediation, & references to expert sources
PREVENT MOLD - How to Prevent Mold Growth and Avoid Mold
Problems in Buildings
The following articles provide detailed information about how to prevent
mold growth in buildings and in their mechanical systems.

Building Floods: quick steps after a building flood or plumbing leak can
prevent costly mold contamination
Mold Action Guide after Flooding: How to Minimize Mold Damage
After a Building Flood
How to Prevent Mold: how to avoid mold growth in buildings: priorities,
repairs, products
Humidity Control to Avoid Mold: How Low Should You Keep Indoor
Humidity to Avoid a Mold Problem
Mold-Resistant Building Practices some detailed suggestions from an
expert on preventing mold growth indoors
Ozone Warnings - Use of Ozone as a "mold" remedy is ineffective and
may be dangerous.
Meruliporia incrassata - "Poria" the house eating fungus Meruliporia
incrassata or perhaps a different mold, Serpula lacrymans - which one is
the "house eating fungus" - what it house rotting mold like in a building
and under the microscope
MOLD DETECTION - Mold Identification Photos and Tips
These articles explain how to find and recognize mold in a building. The
articles include mold recognition photos, methods of visual inspection
for mold, and explanation of how to cut your mold investigation cost and
trouble by learning to recognize stuff that is not mold at all. We also
explain that not all black mold is harmful. Some is cosmetic only. Visual
inspection can answer some of these questions without mold testing.

How to Find and Test for Mold in Buildings - Looking for Mold - A
"how to" photo and text primer on finding and testing for mold in
Buildings
Choosing a Sampling Point to conduct a mold test
SAMPLING DRYWALL for mold
Sampling Mistakes when conducting a mold test
Attic Mold how to recognize mold in an attic, when is it a problem?
Basement mold how to recognize mold in a basement, is it a problem?
Basketball Mold Syndrome - BBMS- sudden attention to old clues in
buildings makes them seem brand new to some observers
Crawlspace mold how to recognize mold in a crawl space, where will it
be, is it a problem?
Do-It-Yourself-Warnings for people inspecting and testing for toxic mold
Mold on Dirt Floors in basements and crawl spaces
MOLD ON or IN CARPETS where to look for mold on and under
carpeting
Hidden Mold a list and photos of other places to look for hidden or hard
to spot mold contamination in buildings
Hidden Mold: photo guide shows how to find hidden toxic or even
simply cosmetic mold in buildings

What Does Mold Look Like? Mold spores in the Home - a Photo ID
Library for detection and identification of mold allergens
Stuff That is Not Mold but is often mistaken for it - things you may not
want to test. Not all "black mold" is toxic or harmful.
TRAPPED MOLD BETWEEN WOOD SURFACES - do we need to
look for, find, remove, or try to kill mold on mating wood surfaces such
as between floor joist tops and subfloor underside, or between a wall sill
plate and the subfloor surface? What about between layers of wood
flooring and subflooring?
Lighting: Proper use of lighting discloses hard to see but toxic light or
white mold colonies on building surfaces - read this if you're doing your
own tape sampling for mold.
Lighting, using to find mold - proper use of a flashlight can help spot
mold on paneling and other building surfaces
Mold Investigation Tips for Home Inspectors how to find mold, where to
look, what is likely to be important. Advice to Building inspectors
intending to inspect or test for toxic or problematic mold indoors, mold
inspection methods, and mold test methods which are valid or invalid
Most Common Indoor Molds Found in Buildings, A Table of
Meruliporia incrassata the house eating fungus or "poria" may be
mistaken for wood rot.


MOLD TEST PROCEDURES - Valid and in-valid mold testing methods
& protocols. Are some mold test kits junk science?
Please see Mold Sampling Methods in the Indoor Environment and in
addition, the mold test critique articles listed just below.
Validity of Common Indoor Mold Sampling Techniques
Examining the Validity of Current Indoor Mold Sampling Techniques,
Daniel Friedman, (Illustrated Power Point Presentation) 15th Annual
North Carolina/South Carolina Environmental Association Technical
Conference
Tape: Mold Testing by Tape of a Moldy Surface "bulk" or "tape"
samples and their interpretation - a brief tutorial
Tape: How to Report Mold Levels in Tape Samples of Surfaces in
Buildings
Air: Mold Testing by Air Samples & their interpretation - a brief tutorial
on indoor air sampling for mold - are spore counts per cubic meter of air
accurate and valid? Using air sampling to determine if a mold problem is
"present" or "absent" and the role of cultures for "viable spore sampling"
are criticized. Air sampling used alone is an unreliable way to look for
mold and is highly questionable as a means of characterizing a precise
mold exposure level indoors.
Basketball Mold Syndrome - BBMS- sudden attention to old clues in
buildings makes them seem brand new to some observers
Carpet Mold Inspection how to look for mold in carpets
Carpet Mold Test Guide suggestions for alternative methods to test
carpeting for mold
Culture: Mold Testing by Cultures & "Home Test Kits for Mold" -
Validity of Settlement Plates or Swabs to test for toxic mold in Buildings
- a brief tutorial
Mold Sampling Methods in the Indoor Environment a critique of popular
mold testing methods - Is your "expert" using valid methods? Is your
mold test kit worth the bother? (Technical Paper.)
Toxic Mold Testing Methods Compared, also Toxic Gas Testing
Methods and MVOC's - valid vs. invalid methods, recommendations
compares air sampling for mold, surface or tape sampling for mold,
culture or swab sampling for mold, and gas MVOC sampling methods for
mold or other toxins, and organizes links to papers on each of these
topics.
A Comparison of Some Indoor Air Sampling Devices - simultaneous
application of popular sampling cassettes and slide samplers allows
comparison of typical particle collection variation by device in actual
field use. A field study in process by DJF, 2008 - 2005 (Technical Paper)
Burkard personal air sampler used by many residential investigators (we
use multiple units simultaneously in some investigations). We also
employ other residential building sampling equipment for surface, air,
vacuum, and bulk sample collection methods as well as for gases.
Alternative, low-cost air sampling equipment and methods such as the
mini-vacuum pump and Zefon Air-o-Cell or Allergenco-d cassettes or
MCE filter cassettes for viable, non-viable or other forensic particle
identification in Buildings. A field study in process by DJF, 2005 - 2006
(Technical Paper)
Allergenco Mk-III time-lapse impaction air sampling equipment - study
changes in particle dispersion under varying conditions (furnace on/off)
A field study in process by DJF, 2004 - 2006 (Technical Paper)
Mold Testing: Bulk or Tape Surface Samples and their interpretation - a
quick tutorial A brief introduction to using adhesive tape to collect
particle samples such as from mold-covered surfaces; scrapes onto
microscope slide and Vacuum Samples of Building Cavities: Wall Check
type vacuum pump and canister permits "sampling" of mold and
allergens in wall, ceiling, and floor cavities but our direct field testing
indicates that this method is highly unreliable.

When the building interior surfaces were demolished we then performed
a visual inspection and collected bulk surface samples using tape. The
wall check samples were completely unable to detect large and
significant mold contamination in the cavities of this building.

We postulate that even with mechanical agitation (banging on the wall
during wall check sampling) the flow rate of the sampling method does
not move enough air to reliably pick up surface contamination unless the
mold genera/species happens to be at a particularly high state of active
sporulation. The tool remains in the professional's arsenal, to be used
with discretion.
Vacuum samples of Soft Goods of carpeting, drapes, furniture, clothing
permits testing for mold contamination. We use this method for
screening of areas where mold is not visible, and in clearance testing.
MOLD CULTURES - Validity and Usefulness of Mold Cultures &
Culture-Based Home Test Kits for mold
For a quick to understand overview of the validity and usefulness or
perhaps not-usefulness of culture tests for mold, see Validity of Cultures
(settlement plates or swabs) to find toxic mold in Buildings which is an
overview and critique of using mold cultures, settlement plates, petri
dishes, and cultured swab samples, and air sample testing limitations for
determining what's in a Building, and which tests are useful in different
situations.

For more thorough detail see Shortcomings of cultured mold samples
which lists a number of detailed concerns about viable spore traps and
culture media for Building problem detection

MOLD CLASSES, LEVELS - Mold Hazard levels, Mold Spore Count
Validity, Interpreting Mold Counts, and Classes of Mold
Please see MOLD CLASSES, LEVELS for the full text article on this
topic.

Airborne Mold Spore Counts: Airborne Mold Spore Counts - are indoor
fungal spore counts valid?
Mold Exposure Standards: Exposure Standards for Mold, Levels of
Severity of Indoor Mold Contamination - Various Published Standards of
Permissible Mold Exposure Limits: at what level is toxic or allergenic
mold a problem? - What does your "spores per cubic meter of air" or
"spore count" really mean - if anything?
MOLD EXPOSURE RISK LEVELS: How to Determine Mold
Contamination Probability or Mold Exposure Risk Levels in Buildings
Based on Visual Inspection
MOLD LEVEL IN AIR, VALIDITY: Mold Spore Counts - are indoor
fungal spore counts valid?
Mold Hazard Levels: Mold Classes, Levels of what types of cosmetic,
allergenic, or toxic mold are a problem? Can mold be cleaned-up
successfully?
Mold Reporting: How to Report Mold Levels in Mold Test Samples of
Surfaces in Buildings
Mold Spore Count Per Cubic Meter: airborne density counts of mold
spores per cubic meter of air - how to interpret low mold spore trap
count results
MOLD REPORTS - Mold and IAQ Investigation Reports
Indoor Air / Toxic Mold Field Investigation & Lab Reports - what to
look for in a toxic mold field investigation report and mold test
laboratory report ©
Indoor Air / Toxic Mold Test Lab Reports - what to look for in a toxic
mold test laboratory report ©
How to Report Mold Levels in Mold Test Samples of Surfaces in
Buildings - suggested non-quantitative definitions
Sick House Investigation Questionnaire used to collect occupant and
Building information that may aid the investigator ©
Robigus, Lord of Fungus - a brief history of the Legend of Wheat Rust
Fungus
Robigus, the Roman God and Lord of Crop Fungi, is by legend the
power who arranged that wheat rust, a crop destroying fungus, would
plague humanity. This punishment was in retribution for the cruelty of a
boy who set fire to straw he had tied to a foxes tail. Indeed, wheat rust
leaves crops looking burned, and leaves as much as 40% of the crop
destroyed. Robigus, a fertility god, protected crops against diseases. At
the Robigalia festival each April 25th, red-colored offerings (wine) were
made to appease this god of the rust-red colored wheat rust fungus or
wheat leaf rust a parasitic fungus, Puccinia recondita.

Rusts, or Uredinales, include Puccinia rusts that invade corn, cotton,
mint, sugar cane, and wheat, also Melampsora - flax, Hemileia - coffee,
Cronartium - pine, Uromyces - chickpea, bean, and many others. There
are about 5000 species in this group.

Wheat leaf rust causes small (1/32") reddish-brown pustules or blisters
to appear on the surface of plant leaves.

The wheat leaf rust Puccinia recondita spores may also produce a
reddish brown dust (mold spore powder).

Mature wheat leaf rust fungus pustules and their fungal spores may be
dark brown or even black. Wheat leaf rust spores live only on live leaves
but survive the winter on leaf fragments, periodically reaching epidemic
proportions in the wheat crop. Interestingly, the location of wheat rust
on the plant can indicate its source: rust on upper plant leaves suggests
that spores blew into the wheat field from a more distant location, while
wheat rust pustules found on lower plant leaves indicate that the rust
fungus over-wintered on leaves in the local field.

TECHNICAL PROCEDURES - Technical & Laboratory Procedures
Good Laboratory and Microscope Procedures are critical in making
sense of field samples. Competent, trained, experienced aerobiologists,
mycologists, and microbiologists can identify sample contents with good
accuracy. Depending on the experience of the laboratory, it is also
possible to interpret the meaning of the sample for the Building and its
occupants. Laboratory professionals who have also performed the field
inspection can make useful extrapolations from lab results. Hasty work
by disinterested parties may be less useful for Building occupants and
owners.

Please see TECHNICAL & LAB PROCEDURES for the full text article
on this topic.

Air Sampler Specifications Required for Airborne Particle Calculations
When is a good time to test for mold?

When you want to determine if mold is growing in you home.
After any flooding or water damage event.
Whenever you find a leak that has been present for more than 24
hours.
Whenever you smell a moldy odor.
Occupants of your home experience a long-term medical condition
without a known cause.
Unusual stains appear on furniture or building material.
You suspect mold but do not see any visible mold growth.
If you suspect you have a mold problem, whether mold is visible or
not, one call to A Mold Specialist is all it takes to be sure. Our only
interest is in providing our clients with accurate reporting of the
data we collect in the course of the inspection process and reliable
results of mold tests and samples.

Areas of Service: Los Angeles County Mold Inspector Mold
Inspection Los Angeles County Mold Testing and Mold Inspections
in Los Angeles County California Mold Abatement Los Angeles
Mold Certified Inspection, Mold clearance testing Santa Monica A
Mold Specialist is the most experienced mold inspection company in
Los Angeles County specializing exclusively in mold inspections and
mold testing in residential and commercial properties. Mold is a
natural living organism in our environment. It exists in the air in the
form microscopic spores that move in and out of buildings through
doors, windows, vents, HVAC systems and anywhere else that air
enters. If you suspect you have a mold problem, it is always best to
have a certified mold inspector assess the over-all condition and
make the appropriate recommendations for correction. Los Angeles
County Mold Inspector Mold Inspection Los Angeles County Mold
Testing and Mold Inspections in Los Angeles County California
Mold Abatement Los Angeles Mold Certified Inspection.

Although toxic black mold is a headline grabber, mold comes in a wide
variety of colors and is often not even easy to see. It creeps up the inside
of walls, collects in
water-damaged basements and crawl spaces, and
grows inside poorly cleaned humidifiers, dehumidifiers, and air
conditioning units.

Mold and Your Health
The health concerns of mold are wide ranging and cause respiratory and
many other problems. While infants, young children, the elderly, and the
immune-compromised are at the greatest risk, mold can affect anyone,
causing everything from a mild allergic reaction to mycotoxicosis and
more serious diseases. According to the Mayo Clinic, nearly all of the 37
million chronic sinus infections are a result of mold. Mold has been
linked to both causing asthma and advancing asthma. Fortunately, mold
can be eradicated if you know what it is and where it is, which is why
regular mold inspection is an important part of general home
maintenance.

Extensive Mold Damage
Still, health problems associated with mold growth aren't as common as
many people believe, but that doesn't mean the mold is innocuous. Left
unchecked, extensive mold damage can require professional remediation
that can cost thousands of dollars. Imagine a bathroom with inadequate
ventilation. Mold builds slowly on the ceiling and walls, allowing
residents to scrub them clean every few weeks. But with poor cleaning
habits this mold takes over and begins to eat away at the drywall itself.
The same thing happens with mold trapped inside your walls, until
discoloration and bad odors require that you rip out your entire wall.

Mold Inspections
A mold inspection is a simple and important task that should be
performed with regularity and/or when the situation demands. If you find
water damage, discover that people in your home are having respiratory
problems, or if you realize that you've never had an inspection, it's a
good idea to get one done and soon. A basic
Mold Inspection Los
Angeles, will cost approximately $300 for a mid-sized home, but more
extensive inspections will naturally cost more. These larger inspections
should be done on occasion to make sure nothing is left unchecked.

Mold Testing Los Angeles or Mold Testing Orange County are
affordable and help prevent future damage when done be a
Certified
Mold Inspector
If mold damage is not due to the everyday wear and tear on an older
home, you might need documented test results to reclaim costs from
homeowners insurance, your real estate seller, landlord, plumber, or new
home builder. A
certified mold inspector is trained to search "every
inch of your home" and can offer mold laboratory analysis of collected
samples and a professional toxic mold inspection with full
documentation. This inspector will test the air, the wall spaces and
floors, as well as those appliances that might have caused the problem.
These more extensive measures are a great idea if you live in an older
home, if you suspect a problem, or if you have not tested in a few years.


Increasing Your House’s Cleanliness with Mold Testing
There are  several ideal uses for you to hire a qualified mold
professional who is very well trained and able to handle and take care
of all of your
Mold Testing in Los Angeles needs in a manner that one
would describe as being both prompt and efficient for you as well as
your family. You will  want to hire the best, most ideal professional that
you possibly find, there are several reasons for this and some of them are
quite obvious while you may not be fully aware of other reasons and you
should  look through and go over the several reasons that you will need a
professional who is qualified and experienced in the type of work or
testing that you would like to have done in your home and hopefully you
will  be able to work more with this  professional to make any of the
several necessary improvements to your house as well as your house
environment that may result from the good or not so good results of the
several tests you would like this professional to conduct in your already
ideal house. This is surely a very important and ideal thing for you to do
as a house owner, but it is also important for you to do as one of the
several members of your ideal family.
Another one of the reasons that you should maintain your  house have a
Mold Inspection Orange County your home is likely your biggest
financial assets, therefore it is an ideal decision to take care of it
properly because you will surely have to sell your house at some point.

 
Toxic Mold & Black Mold  

What is "black mold" or "toxic mold"?
You have probably heard a great deal about black mold or toxic mold. It
is usually associated with Stachybotrys, a black mold that is often found
after there has been persistent water damage. The known health effects
from exposure to Stachybotrys are similar to other common molds and
may cause illness in individuals with a sensitivity to “mycotoxins”
(chemicals produced by certain molds), to people who are
immunocompromised, or to individuals who have become sensitive after
prolonged exposure. In fact, many molds are black and it is the amount
of mold and level of exposure that are necessary pieces of information to
discover.

How do I know if the mold in my home is toxic?
Web sites and media articles will often use the terms “toxic mold” or
“toxic black mold”. This is largely a marketing strategy, a scare tactic
designed to encourage you to make financial decisions that may not even
be necessary. In fact, most molds are toxic to some extent and many are
black. There is one variety of particular concern; Stachybotrys. About
30% of the strains of this species produce abundant mycotoxins and are
reportedly more potent than other types of mold. A few species/strains
of Aspergillus and several others can be nearly as dangerous. Ingesting
mold in contaminated foods has been shown to poison people and may
even cause cancer. Of further concern is mold contamination found
around the home in areas in which children could have access to it. It is
important that young children do not put items in their mouths if there is
a chance of mold, especially if it is Stachybotrys or Aspergilus. The main
thing to remember is that many molds are toxic and once you know you
have a mold problem, all molds need to be removed to minimize
exposure risk. The type of mold has no bearing on the remediation
process. All mold contamination needs to be removed, regardless of the
type.


Attic Mold  

My attic sheathing is black with mold. Do I need a new roof, or what
should I do?
It depends on how extensive the mold is, and sometimes on what you are
willing to pay for. Often times the mold is just in a few areas, requiring
limited material replacement, or just cleaning. Obviously, any roof leaks,
shingle flashing or ventilation issues must be fixed to prevent future
mold growth. Attic mold can:

Worsen and become more expensive to remove if left unchecked
Can lower property value
Spread to the living areas below if left untreated
Contaminate belongings stored in the attic
Delay or cause the loss of a house sale

If there is mold growth on roof materials, can the cold weather kill it?
Generally, if conditions are favorable for mold to have grown in the attic
and the mold is still alive, cold winter temperatures will slow or stop the
mold from growing. However, molds produce spores with resilient outer
coatings that allow them to remain alive through harsh conditions
including long dry spells and cold temperatures. Thus, when the attic
warms up again and sufficient moisture is present mold growth will
resume. This cycle will continue until the mold has been removed and
favorable growth conditions eliminated. Simply resolving the moisture
issue, most often inadequate ventilation will not kill the mold. The
complete process must include two steps:

Identify and fix moisture/ventilation problem(s)
Remove mold appropriately  

Basement Mold  


After my basement flooded, the carpet was removed, but I still smell a
musty odor. Why?
If moisture remained on materials in the basement for a sufficient
amount of time, the materials, such as sheetrock, insulation, cardboard
boxes, walls studs, paneling, etc., molds will continue to grow and
produce the volatile organics or the mold odor. If, in addition to the
flood, moisture is entering slowly through the foundation, the condition
will be chronic until the moisture sources are resolved.

Why does the mold odor in a basement usually go away in the winter?
This musty odor is produced by actively growing molds that are
metabolizing (breaking down) a food source (wallboard, wood,
cardboard, etc.) While the molds are feeding on the materials, they
produce mold volatile organic compounds or mVOCs, which are simply
chemicals that travel easily in the air and therefore disperse throughout a
house or building. Because basements dry out in the winter, mold is
relatively starved for moisture and grows more slowly or not at all and
the odor may lessen in strength. This is not, however, the end of the
mold problem.

Wall Cavity Mold  

Can mold contamination inside a wall cavity be identified?
Yes. For example, after a basement has flooded and the water is
extracted, the carpet should be removed and the floor disinfected.
However, a mold odor may still be present and the mold source not
easily recognizable. Wallboard, paneling, plaster, wood and insulation
that make up the walls in a basement absorbed moisture up into the wall
cavity and mold growth resulted. Wall cavity samples are collected
through very small, drilled holes, cultured, and analyzed similarly to
airborne samples. Collection of a control wall cavity sample in a wall
that was not affected by the moisture is recommended for comparison
purposes.


Surface Mold  

Why do airborne mold samples sometimes not show that mold
contamination is present, even when there is visible surface mold growth?
Mold growing on a surface is not necessarily producing airborne spores,
especially in an area that has little or no activity such as an unfinished
basement used primarily for storage. Also, if the surface that the mold is
growing on is still damp or wet, the mold spores will not become
airborne as easily. AMS has found cases of significant amounts of active
mold growth on building materials without the companion air samples
showing elevated mold spores. As long as surface mold growth is
present, it will need to be removed, regardless of what air samples show.  

Homeowners Insurance Coverage For Mold  

What should I know about mold and home owners insurance?
Insurers are dropping homeowners and raising rates. During the early
'90s, average premiums were flat at about $420/yr, then rose at the rate
of infla­tion. That changed in 2001 when rates shot up and insurers
began scrutinizing credit ratings and houses' histories. Poor credit or
unresolved mold problems may adversely affect your coverage or
premiums.


Residential mold removal will rid the home of microscopic organisms
that colonize in wet or damp areas that can threaten the health of the
those who reside there. Mold is a microscopic organism that is  a type of
fungus. Spores that are airborne look for damp places to settle and
colonize; unfortunately these places are not always visible to those who
are living in the home. Basement mold removal should be considered
since it is a common area of infestation along with the kitchen,
bathroom, laundry room and attic. This is not really a do-it-yourself kind
of job because care should be taken to not inhale the substance or
expose areas in the home that are not infested. Mold can make people
sick especially those who are susceptible to allergies, sinus problems,
asthma, and other respiratory type illnesses. Companies that offer this
type of service have experience in cleaning up many types of substances
and have the necessary equipment to do the cleanup right so the
organisms are completely gone.

Molds can differ in appearance and color including but not limited to
black, white, green, and yellow. Black is the one type of fungus that is
the most toxic to humans and can cause a multitude of health problems.
Inhaling the spores can lead to respiratory problems such as asthma and
emphysema, pneumonia, and even lung cancer. The fungus can be
absorbed into the bloodstream and cause problems with vital organs such
as the kidneys and liver. After a person is first exposed he or she may
suffer with flu symptoms including diarrhea and nausea. Residential
mold removal will help to find the spores and remove them effectively
and completely to avoid further health problems. A homeowner should
make a decision to be diligent to see this through to keep the family safe
and well; just as God's children need to be diligent in standing firm in the
Lord. "Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be
diligent that ye may be found of Him in peace, without spot, and
blameless." (2 Peter 3:14)

Smelling a musty odor can be one indication that a home may be infested
with fungus. Living in an older home is another indication that it may be
time for an inspection. Older homes usually have older water pipes and
are more prone to leaks. There is also a greater chance that the roof or
windowsills may leak. Seeing a visible sign of fungus should alert the
homeowner that the entire home including the attic and basement needs
to be examined for other infestations. Doing a search online for
basement mold removal will help a homeowner to find help with a mold
problem.

Sometimes a fungus will invade the air ducts in a home so that every
time the heater or air conditioner is turned on the spores will be spread
throughout. An indication of this is when a musty odor is smelled only
when air is circulating throughout the home. Residential mold removal
will identify the areas in question and take samples for further
investigation. When the presence of fungus is found it is imperative that
the decision is made for a cleanup to be conducted. Most professionals
will want the home to be vacant at the time and for any sick residents to
get medical care for possible mold poisoning.

While it is possible to clean up a fungus problem without help, there are
some important things to consider before doing so. First all leaks will
need to be fixed which may include replacing plumbing, roofing,
appliances, and whatever else may be involved. Once there is no longer
a hospitable environment for fungus, then cleanup can get underway.
Using the right disinfectant and detergent will need to be determined and
rubber gloves should be worn during the procedure. Infected items made
of porous or absorbent material may have to be thrown away. Clothing
and carpet are two such examples; once mold infiltrates the material it is
almost impossible to remove. Cleanup of fungus should not be attempted
without a respirator so that spores are not inhaled. Basement mold
removal may prove to be very difficult without help because basements
have the perfect breeding ground for fungus.

Using a professional for help will normally begin with a thorough
examination of the residence as the certified mold inspector will do a
visual walk through of the premises. He or she will note any smells that
could be indicative of fungus and note any possible areas that need to be
checked further. Typically the areas that are looked over very carefully
are the areas in the home susceptible to water leaks or that are typically
damp. The ventilation system will be checked carefully and humidity
levels will be checked throughout the home. Residential mold removal
will include samples from suspect surfaces that will be grown in a
laboratory to identify possible fungus spores. Air samples will also be
taken comparing outside air with the inside air.

Some good indicators of possible contamination due to fungus in a home
include not only visible sights and smells but the health of the residents
should be considered as well. Some of the symptoms to be on alert for
are nausea, fatigue, sore throat, overall body aches and pains, respiratory
problems, irritated eyes, stomach problems, chronic headaches,
nosebleeds, dizziness, hearing problems, and skin problems. Doing a
search on the Internet for basement mold removal will provide some
vital information about more health concerns associated with fungus
overgrowth and instructions on how to find help for an inspection and
ways to tackle the problem.

Our Certified inspectors will answers most questions on what to do about
mold, providing expert, un-biased information for owners, occupants,
inspectors. How to recognize mold, how to test mold, how to clean up or
remove mold, how to prevent mold in buildings, and what mold related
illnesses and symptoms have been reported are all discussed in depth.

A Comparison of Some Indoor Air Sampling Devices - simultaneous
application of popular sampling cassettes and slide samplers allows
comparison of typical particle collection variation by device in actual
field use. A field study in process by DJF, 2008 - 2005 (Technical Paper)
Burkard personal air sampler used by many residential investigators (we
use multiple units simultaneously in some investigations). We also
employ other residential building sampling equipment for surface, air,
vacuum, and bulk sample collection methods as well as for gases.
Alternative, low-cost air sampling equipment and methods such as the
mini-vacuum pump and Zefon Air-o-Cell or Allergenco-d cassettes or
MCE filter cassettes for viable, non-viable or other forensic particle
identification in Buildings. A field study in process by DJF, 2005 - 2006
(Technical Paper)
Allergenco Mk-III time-lapse impaction air sampling equipment - study
changes in particle dispersion under varying conditions (furnace on/off)
A field study in process by DJF, 2004 - 2006 (Technical Paper)
Mold Testing: Bulk or Tape Surface Samples and their interpretation - a
quick tutorial A brief introduction to using adhesive tape to collect
particle samples such as from mold-covered surfaces; scrapes onto
microscope slide and Vacuum Samples of Building Cavities: Wall Check
type vacuum pump and canister permits "sampling" of mold and
allergens in wall, ceiling, and floor cavities but our direct field testing
indicates that this method is highly unreliable.

When the building interior surfaces were demolished we then performed
a visual inspection and collected bulk surface samples using tape. The
wall check samples were completely unable to detect large and
significant mold contamination in the cavities of this building.

We postulate that even with mechanical agitation (banging on the wall
during wall check sampling) the flow rate of the sampling method does
not move enough air to reliably pick up surface contamination unless the
mold genera/species happens to be at a particularly high state of active
sporulation. The tool remains in the professional's arsenal, to be used
with discretion.
Vacuum samples of Soft Goods of carpeting, drapes, furniture, clothing
permits testing for mold contamination. We use this method for
screening of areas where mold is not visible, and in clearance testing.
MOLD CULTURES - Validity and Usefulness of Mold Cultures &
Culture-Based Home Test Kits for mold
For a quick to understand overview of the validity and usefulness or
perhaps not-usefulness of culture tests for mold, see Validity of Cultures
(settlement plates or swabs) to find toxic mold in Buildings which is an
overview and critique of using mold cultures, settlement plates, petri
dishes, and cultured swab samples, and air sample testing limitations for
determining what's in a Building, and which tests are useful in different
situations.

For more thorough detail see Shortcomings of cultured mold samples
which lists a number of detailed concerns about viable spore traps and
culture media for Building problem detection

MOLD CLASSES, LEVELS - Mold Hazard levels, Mold Spore Count
Validity, Interpreting Mold Counts, and Classes of Mold
Please see MOLD CLASSES, LEVELS for the full text article on this
topic.

Airborne Mold Spore Counts: Airborne Mold Spore Counts - are indoor
fungal spore counts valid?
Mold Exposure Standards: Exposure Standards for Mold, Levels of
Severity of Indoor Mold Contamination - Various Published Standards of
Permissible Mold Exposure Limits: at what level is toxic or allergenic
mold a problem? - What does your "spores per cubic meter of air" or
"spore count" really mean - if anything?
MOLD EXPOSURE RISK LEVELS: How to Determine Mold
Contamination Probability or Mold Exposure Risk Levels in Buildings
Based on Visual Inspection
MOLD LEVEL IN AIR, VALIDITY: Mold Spore Counts - are indoor
fungal spore counts valid?
Mold Hazard Levels: Mold Classes, Levels of what types of cosmetic,
allergenic, or toxic mold are a problem? Can mold be cleaned-up
successfully?
Mold Reporting: How to Report Mold Levels in Mold Test Samples of
Surfaces in Buildings
Mold Spore Count Per Cubic Meter: airborne density counts of mold
spores per cubic meter of air - how to interpret low mold spore trap
count results
MOLD REPORTS - Mold and IAQ Investigation Reports
Indoor Air / Toxic Mold Field Investigation & Lab Reports - what to
look for in a toxic mold field investigation report and mold test
laboratory report ©
Indoor Air / Toxic Mold Test Lab Reports - what to look for in a toxic
mold test laboratory report ©
How to Report Mold Levels in Mold Test Samples of Surfaces in
Buildings - suggested non-quantitative definitions
Sick House Investigation Questionnaire used to collect occupant and
Building information that may aid the investigator ©


Rust spores can be quite beautiful, belying the crop damage they may
cause, as our lab photo of Pileolaria brevipes (a rust spore found in an air
sample we collected in San Diego, CA) shows at left.


Air Sampler Specifications Required for Airborne Particle Calculations
Airborne Particle Concentration Calculations - Spores per Cubic Meter
for airborne mold or other particles - Lab SOP and Examples
Basketball Mold Syndrome - BBMS- sudden attention to old clues in
buildings makes them seem brand new to some observers
Bibliography of Mold Identification, Aerobiology, Forensic Microscopy -
References used in our Laboratory for Aerobiology, Mycology, Indoor
Air Quality Investigations, Particle ID, Forensic Microscopy, etc.
Digital photography for microscopists - getting the image from the
microscope slide to the computer to the database or printer
Light-microscope examination methods, education, references, suppliers
Museums & Restorations: Cultural Heritage and Aerobiology Mandrioli,
Caneva, and Sabbioni (English version), museum artifact preservation
from mold, acid gases etc. - book review in Pan American Aerobiology
Association Newsletter
Slide preparation methods, formulas, suppliers
Slide Preparation - Permanent Slides, A Method For Preparing Cargille
meltmount™ Permanent Microscope Slides for Rapid Field or
Laboratory Use
Tape Sample Analysis for Mold - How to Report Mold Levels in Mold
Test Samples of Surfaces in Buildings
OTHER IAQ CONCERNS - Other Indoor Air Quality Concerns
Air Filtration Suggestions: see these articles
AIR FILTERS for HVAC SYSTEMS - about air filters
Basketball Mold Syndrome - BBMS- sudden attention to old clues in
buildings makes them seem brand new to some observers




The Mold Information Center: What to Do About Mold in Buildings,
When and How to Inspect for Mold, Clean Up Mold, or Avoid Mold
Problems.  

Environmental Inspection, Testing, & Diagnosis On-Site IAQ, Gas, Air
Testing, Mold Investigation, Sick Building Diagnosis, Lab Services, &
Remediation Plan Preparation - indoor air quality testing, problem
source determination, supporting lab work, written remediation plan
addressing removal of environmental and other hazards and prevention
of their recurrence.  

Building Inspection, Problem Diagnosis, Forensic Investigation &
Testing, Repair Consulting




ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS GUIDE
FLOODS IN BUILDINGS-priorities
FLOOD DAMAGE ASSESSMENT, SAFETY & CLEANUP
MOLD: A COMPLETE GUIDE TO MOLD
MOLD INFORMATION CENTER
ACCURACY OF VARIOUS MOLD TEST METHODS
ACTION GUIDE - WHAT TO DO ABOUT INDOOR MOLD
ALLERGEN TESTS for BUILDINGS
CLEARANCE INSPECTIONS - MOLD CLEANUP
DO IT YOURSELF MOLD CLEANUP
ENERGY SAVINGS in BUILDINGS
ENERGY SAVINGS RETROFIT CASE STUDY
ENERGY SAVINGS RETROFIT LEAK SEALING GUIDE
ENERGY SAVINGS RETROFIT OPTIONS
FIND MOLD in BUILDINGS, HOW TO
HIDDEN MOLD, HOW TO FIND
INDOOR AIR QUALITY & HOUSE TIGHTNESS
INDOOR AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT GUIDE
INDOOR AIR QUALITY METHODS COMPARED
LEAD POISONING HAZARDS GUIDE
MOISTURE CONTROL in BUILDINGS
MOLD ACTION GUIDE - WHAT TO DO ABOUT MOLD
MOLD AGE - Old is the Mold?
MOLD APPEARANCE - WHAT MOLD LOOKS LIKE
MOLD APPEARANCE - STUFF THAT IS NOT MOLD
MOLD ATLAS & PARTICLES INDEX
MOLD CLASSES, HAZARD LEVELS
MOLD CLEANUP GUIDE- HOW TO GET RID OF MOLD
MOLD CLEARANCE INSPECTIONS
MOLD DETECTION & INSPECTION GUIDE
MOLD DOCTOR?
MOLD EXPERT, WHEN TO HIRE
MOLD EXPOSURE RISK LEVELS
MOLD EXPOSURE STANDARDS
MOLD FAQ's
MOLD FREQUENCY in BUILDINGS
MOLD GROWTH on SURFACES
MOLD INSPECTORS & MOLD TESTERS
MOLD KILLING GUIDE
MOLD LEVEL REPORTS
MOLD LEVELS IN BUILDINGS
MOLD by MICROSCOPE
MOLD ODORS, MUSTY SMELLS
MOLD PREVENTION GUIDE
MOLD RELATED ILLNESS GUIDE
MOLD RELATED ILLNESS SYMPTOMS
MOLD SPRAYS, SEALANTS, PAINTS
MOLD STANDARDS
MOLD TEST KITS
MOLD TEST KITS for DIY MOLD TESTS
MOLD TEST PROCEDURES
MOLD TEST REASONS
MOLD TESTING METHOD VALIDITY
ODORS, Smells, Gases in Buildings-Diagnosis & Cure
RENTERS & TENANTS GUIDE TO MOLD
SEWAGE BACKUP TEST & CLEANUP
STAIN DIAGNOSIS
TECHNICAL & LAB PROCEDURES
THERMAL TRACKING


This paper presents a summary and critique of some popular methods
used to examine indoor air quality to test for presence or absence of
problematic levels of toxic or allergenic mold or other bioaerosols. we
will describe and critique specific "testing" or "sampling" methods used
to "test" Buildings for mold in the course of a Building investigation.  
mold) see MOLD CLASSES, HAZARD LEVELS and more references
such as a Mold Action Guide are at the end of this document.

Clean up small areas without testing:
If there is no large mold area, no leak history, no at-risk occupants, in
sum, if you simply have a little moldy area, just clean it up, and spend
your "test kit" money on cleaning supplies or dinner out. Small amounts
of mold can often can be cleaned-up by the occupant or owner provided
that person has no special allergy or risk regarding mold. Some states
define "small" as less than 30 sq.ft. of contiguous mold. Your own area
may use a different criterion. Larger areas of non-cosmetic mold are
likely to require work by a cleanup professional. If you think you need to
hire someone, see "When to hire a professional" for more detailed help
in deciding when and how to proceed.

When is it useful to identify mold?
Why try to identify mold at all. Some practitioners argue that no testing
is needed, mold should simply be found and cleaned-up. we agree with
this approach for small areas of mold where there are no larger issues
such as occupant complaints or BRI (Building related illness).

Why identify mold - Reason 1: Cosmetic-only vs. problematic mold
But if mold present in the Building is only of "cosmetic" concern, it is
unlikely that special cleanup methods such as negative air, establishment
of a containment system, and special personal protection for workers is
needed. If these special methods can be avoided, the cost to remove
mold will be substantially less. Therefore it cases where a large amount
of mold is present it may be appropriate to have an expert perform
testing and to prepare an appropriate remediation plan to guide the
remediation contractor. The same expert may be used to perform
clearance testing later to assure that the cleanup was proper and
successful. Also see Can mold make you sick?"

Harmless "Black Mold": A very common example is the
Ceratocystis/Ophistoma group which appear as "black mold" on framing
lumber and which are more commonly known as "blue stain" or sapstain
molds. This mold is found on lumber as it arrives from the lumber yard -
a condition that is readily apparent to a Building expert and which can
be confirmed by sample identification.

Allergenic mold: Other dark molds, including the most common genera
Cladosporium sp. are often allergenic: a potential respiratory irritant or a
problem for people with allergies, asthma, or other sensitivities.

Toxic/Pathogenic mold: a third broad group are molds which we call
"toxic" and includes species which are toxic, pathogens, or infectious
agents which in some cases may be capable of infecting humans or of
producing disease in humans. Aspergillus flavus, A. niger, are two
examples.

We find in many cases that large areas of "black mold," about which
owners/occupants may be unduly frightened, are
Ceratocystis/Ophistoma, a common mold that is found on framing
lumber from time of construction, and which is known to be only of
cosmetic concern, and which is not an indicator of mold-conducive
conditions in the Building - it came in on the lumber and is inactive and
cosmetic. Without knowing what this is, people may make large and
inappropriate expenditure on "professional remediation" - in one case in
CT a client was about to launch a $600,000. complete re-framing of the
first floor of a Building, a totally inappropriate step which was
completely unnecessary with a little knowledge of mycology and
Building science.

Ambiguous airborne mold counts: A second example of this sort is the
need to distinguish between two "mold counts" that appear to be the
same but actually mean very different things. An outdoor 500 Pen/Asp
spores/M3 of air and an apparently low indoor 400 Pen/Asp spores/M3
may take on a new meaning if the outdoor spores are a different
genera/species than the indoor ones.

Why identify mold - Reason 2: convey possible health effects to a
physician:
Proving that mold in a Building caused a health concern is so arduous
and costly as to be inappropriate in most cases. If a lot of allergenic or
toxic mold is present, it needs to be removed. But information about
what was found in a Building may be useful: a number of our clients
have health complaints for which IAQ problems are a potential cause or
contributor - information which they want to convey to their physician.
For example, a delay in diagnosing fungal infections in two of our clients
led each to have permanent loss of eyesight. we acknowledge that these
cases are not common, but they occur enough for caution to be in order.
we don't submit that we should be practicing medicine nor diagnosing
ailments, rather that information about a sick person's environment might
be useful to their physician. Harriet Burge at the Harvard School of
Public Health has taught us that the cost of proving that a specific illness
is caused by a specific mold or allergen in a particular environment is so
arduous as to be impractical. However we agree, as we expect you do
too, that if a large area of allergenic or more toxic mold is present in an
environment it should be removed.

Can Mold Make You Sick? We live in a sea of mold, and other stuff in
the air we breathe, on cushions we sit on, clothes we wear, pools we
swim-in, and so on. Most mold is not hurting anyone, and some of it
makes us well when we're sick(Penicillium notatum, for example). Fear
of mold (mycophobia) is unjustified and in our opinion, more a result of
media hype, enviro-scare, and gouging consumers. A healthy person
walking through a room of moldy air is not likely to die. On the other
hand, there is a wealth of less rigorous empirical data matching occupant
complaints with indoor mold and allergens. Finally, for certain people,
mold can be a serious problem if it's at high levels indoors. It's probably
an overstatement by those authorities who assert that "... there are no
proven links between mold and illness." we refer readers to some of our
lab's references for descriptions of illness-related molds, some of which
are found in Buildings:

Why Identify mold - Reason 3: establish a data baseline and later,
evaluate the success of a professional mold remediation project.

Where large areas of remediation are needed, using professional cleaning
services, we find that in many cases the "professional" does not properly
maintain containment, and actually increases the level of allergens in the
Building. In Buildings where occupants are at particular risk (elderly,
immune-impaired, infant, asthmatic) we have had cases where an
occupant entered an area contaminated with high levels of allergenic
mold and suffer severe asthma attacks. In Ellenville, NY we are aware
of a fatality involving just such an instance.

For large remediation projects we find it very useful to have a base-line
of data on what areas need to be cleaned and which are acceptably clean
before the remediation project. Then a quick test after the remediation
can confirm not only that it was successful, but that the remediator did
not inadvertently fail to contain. If the containment was unsuccessful
and other Building areas have become contaminated enough to want to
have additional cleaning (typically HEPA vacuuming or wiping), having
the baseline showing that the contamination followed the remediation
rather than preceded it protects the property owner or occupant from
additional unnecessary expense.

The usefulness of samples depends on the knowledge and thoroughness
of the person collecting the sample as part of a Building investigation.
Arbitrary or random samples are unlikely to be a reliable
characterization of a Building. Choice of method as well as how the
method is applied (for example, just where to stick the tape to collect a
surface sample) makes a large difference in the quality and
representativeness of the sample.

Books & Articles on Building & Environmental Inspection, Testing,
Diagnosis, & Repair
Our recommended books about building design, inspection, and repair,
and about indoor environment testing, diagnosis, and cleanup are at the

Select remediation personnel who have the experience and training
needed to implement the remediation plan and use Personal Protective
Equipment and containment as appropriate
Remediate moisture and mold problems

Fix moisture problem, implement repair plan and/or maintenance plan

Dry wet, non-moldy materials within 48 hours to prevent mold growth

Clean and dry moldy materials

Discard moldy porous items that can’t be cleaned
Warning: According to industry standards it is a conflict of interest for the same company to do the
testing/inspection and the actual work.  Our company only does the testing and inspection, so you can
be assured our test results and recommendations 100% accurate, not motivated by the chance to do
unnecessary remediation and expensive repair work.  
Special offer! Call A Mold Specialist today and mention this add for a free 20 minute consultation
with one of our certified mold inspectors ($50.00 value)



WHY TEST FOR MOLD IN LOS ANGELES COUNTY?
Several years ago it was asbestos. Today, mold is in the spotlight and Los Angeles  is
divided over whether toxic mold really is a legitimate issue or  another over-rated
environmental issue.

A SIGN OF THE TIMES.
Whatever we believe about
Mold in Los Angeles County, it is a reality that is here to
stay. Several alerts from the medical profession in Los Angeles County and the
skyrocketing number of lawsuits against landlords, realtors, employers, insurers, warn
us of the seriousness of mold and justify the need for proper mold testing, especially in
Los Angeles County where everyone is sue-happy.

Some have even called mold "The Silent Killer". That may be on the extreme side, but
with all the information available about mold and it's potential for harm, there are plenty
of valid reasons for mold testing. For example, we now know that some molds produce
mycotoxins which may be linked to severe cases of asthma, respiratory problems
including bleeding lungs, and many other very serious ailments including immune system
disorders. The medical and legal communities in San Diego County are now taking mold
contamination very seriously. With so much overwhelming evidence to support the
dangers of exposure to mold,
Mold Testing is the first step in properly assessing whether
an abnormal or elevated mold condition exists.
Call today and recieve 10% off any Inspection
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